…recent consultation document, the European Commission also views Article 17 as lex specialis.) Instead, Nordemann/Waiblinger argue that only components of Article 17 are a special case. For the rest, the…

…is whether it in fact makes Article 5(3)(k) and, at least, Article 5(3)(d) mandatory to implement. Although a quotation limitation is mandatory under Article 10(1) Berne Convention, the Member States…

…obligations established by Article 17(4)(b) and 17(4)(c) in fine violate Article 11 of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (EU Charter). Poland argues that these provisions effectively require OCSSPs to…