When life gives you lemons, make lemonade. This must have been the key insight at the Polish Culture and National Heritage Ministry when the new administration took over and discovered that more than 2.5 years after the implementation deadline, Poland still had to implement the provisions of the 2019 Copyright in the Digital Single Market…

Europeans are the biggest producers of electronic equipment waste (‘e-waste’); according to recent numbers, in 2018 approximately 4 million tons of e-waste were discarded in the European Union. This amounts to more than 16 kg of e-waste per capita per year. Common sources of e-waste include televisions, computers, mobile phones and various types of home…

In recent years, copyright departments in governments around the world have been preoccupied with AI’s effects on copyright industries and, more recently, copyright law challenges created for AI industries. What about ‘Down Under’? Which copyright issues has the Australian government been grappling with? Over the last few years, the Australian government has been observing public…

More than two years after the transposition deadline, and with another infringement proceeding under its belt, Bulgaria is one of the last Member States to now implement the CDSM Directive. On the tail end of a political crisis that forced the country into multiple consecutive early general elections and led to a string of short-lived…

Setting the Scene Much ink has been spilled on the legal discourse surrounding generative AI (GenAI) and copyright. In this post, the focus is on the unlicensed use of copyright-protected works in the context of training GenAI models, where such use could jeopardise the market for those particular expressions (see Sobel). Several copyright lawsuits have…

On Friday evening, after 38 hours of negotiations, representatives of the European Parliament, EU member states and the European Commission reached a provisional agreement on the proposed AI Act. The deal reached on Friday night now paves the way for the adoption of the AI Act in the first half of 2024, bringing to an…

Machine readable opt-outs from TDM As we head into the last month of the current EU legislative term, there are increasing signs that EU lawmakers are unable to agree on the AI Act, which was supposed to be one of the crowning digital policy achievements of Ursula von der Leyen’s Commission. Recent media reports suggest…

Part 1 of this post introduced the challenges for copyright associated with generative IP and the legislative developments in this field. This part 2 explores the idea of introducing a statutory license for machine learning purposes for generative AI as a compromise solution to secure a vibrant environment for AI development while preserving the central…

Introduction Generative AI is disrupting the creative process(es) of intellectual works on an unparalleled scale. More and more AI systems offer services that push users’ production capacity for new literary and artistic works beyond unforeseen barriers. Algorithmic tools are gradually colonizing every creative sector, from being able to generate text (i.e., ChatGPT, Smodin), to perform…